chapter 13

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1.
1 point
Plate Convergence is where two plates push together
2.
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The Lithosphere (crust and upper most mantle) is broken into several distinct segments; and these plates sit on the plastic, flowing aesthenosphere
3.
1 point
A continental collision causes two landmasses to fuse or join together, creating a new larger land mass
4.
1 point
The two types of crust are _____ & _______
5.
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New Oceanic _____ is created near mid-oceanic ridges and older crust is being destroyed along other margins of ocean basins
6.
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Enormous heat and pressure deep in Earth's crust CAN alter an existing rock into a new rock type that is completely different from the original by re-crystalizing the minerals WITHOUT creating molten rock matter
7.
1 point
________ rocks: Sedimentary or igneous rocks can be altered into metamorphic rocks
8.
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_________ means changed form
9.
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Critical evidence of plate tectonics found when studying sea floor there are the oldest seafloor rocks near continents and get younger towards the mid-oceanic ridges, and hottest seafloor rocks are found near mid-oceanic ridges and become cooler away from mid-oceanic ridges.
10.
1 point
Convection is a process by which a circulation is produced within an air mass or fluid body also, in tectonic plate theory, the method whereby heat is transferred to Earth's surface from deep within the mantle.
11.
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Oxygen and Silicon are the two most common elements in Earth's crust
12.
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Transform Movement describes....
13.
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Tectonic forces are not: large-scale forces that break and deform Earth's crust, sometimes resulting in earthquakes, and often responsible for for mountain building.
14.
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______ crust is composed of Granitic; Light, coarse grained intrusive rock
15.
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The Mantle is 2/3 of the Earth's crust
16.
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Oceanic Crust is more dense than Continental Crust
17.
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_________ rocks: consist of particles from any of the other 3 rock types; Can be altered into metamorphic rocks
18.
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The Continental drift is the idea that continents and other landmasses have shifted their positions during Earth history
19.
1 point
______ discontinuity is a boundary between mantle and crust
20.
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Which is the structure of the earth in order from inner to outer...
21.
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______ is 1/3 of Earth's mass
22.
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San Andreas fault zone is an example of transform movement
23.
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The Inner core is _____ and the outer core is ______
24.
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Oceanic volcanoes, like Iceland, often mark oceanic plate _______
25.
1 point
"Warm mantle material rises near mid-oceanic ridges, spreads out laterally, fractures the seafloor in the mid-oceanic ridge where molten basalt wells up and cools, forming new ocean floor" describes what?
26.
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Two types of igneous rock are Extrusive and Intrusive
27.
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Extrusive is _____ material that solidifies ____ Earth's surface (lava)
28.
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Sedimentary Rocks are formed from accumulated sediments; Mineral material is eroded, transported, and deposited.
29.
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______ is movement of oceanic crust in opposite directions away from the mid-ocean ridges, associated with the formation of new crust at the ridges and subduction of old crust at ocean margins.
30.
1 point
Most sedimentary rocks display distinctive layering referred to as stratification.
31.
1 point
Critical evidence of plate tectonics found when studying sea floor there IS NOT bands of alternating magnetic properties moving away from mid-oceanic ridges, and the rocks on the seafloor are not geologically young
32.
1 point
______ : Solidified rock from the remains of organisms (plants and animals)
33.
1 point
________ rocks: form from cooled magma or lava; Can be melted and reformed into new igneous rocks; Can be altered into metamorphic rocks; Can be weathered into fragments that are eroded, transported, deposited to form sedimentary rocks
34.
1 point
Hawaii is NOT an example of a hot spot
35.
1 point
Divergence, Convergence, and Transform are 3 types of plate movement
36.
1 point
________ is the modern theory explaining the movements of continents
37.
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__ ___ is a mass of hot molten rock material at a fixed location beneath a lithospheric plate. Oceanic plate can move over this.
38.
1 point
_____: dissolved minerals accumulated and deposited on sea and/or lake bottoms
39.
1 point
The Mantle does NOT behave as a plastic solid
40.
1 point
Plate _____ ; 2 plates pull apart; directly related to seafloor spreading, and continental rift valleys
41.
1 point
Accretion is the most well supported process of continental growth; Growth of a continent by adding large pieces of crust along its border by plate tectonic collision.
42.
1 point
Continental Crust is less thick than continental crust
43.
1 point
When plates slide along each other they move laterally
44.
1 point
_______ ; Iron-bearing rocks and minerals indicate Earth' magnetic field as it was when they solidified; Revealed that continents were grouped together 200 million years ago
45.
1 point
Intrusive- Molten material that solidifies _______ Earth's surface
46.
1 point
Critical evidence of plate tectonics found when studying sea floor there IS a similarity between mid-oceanic ridges and continental coastlines.
47.
1 point
The Crust is 1% of the Earth's mass, and is significantly less dense than the core and mantle
48.
1 point
Farther into the mantle is the Asthenosphere, a thick layer of plastic mantle material.
49.
1 point
These are three major categories of sedimentary rocks
50.
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Oceanic crusts composition is Basaltic; Dark, fine-grained extrusive rock
51.
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A mass of solid rock that has not been weathered is called ______
52.
1 point
Three major rock categories are Igneous, Sedimentary, and metamorphic
53.
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The lithosphere plates move as distinct and discrete units, in some places they pull away from each other (In other words they ______) and other places they Push together ( they _________)
54.
1 point
Mineral material is eroded, transported, and deposited; This material is often accumulated in ________ layers
55.
1 point
_____ is the theory that landscapes are created by cataclysmic events; implies spontaneous event
56.
1 point
_____ rocks are formed from fragments of pre-existing rocks
57.
1 point
The uppermost mantle layer and the crust form a unit called the Lithosphere
58.
1 point
Subducting plates DO NOT create enormous friction that explains major earthquakes in certain regions. It also DOES NOT explain spatial distribution of mountain ranges, volcanoes, and ocean trenches
59.
1 point
A wide variety of crustal activity occurs at areas of tectonic plate convergence.
60.
1 point
Altered metamorphic rock IS NOT harder and more compact; and more resistant to weathering
61.
1 point
_____________ is the theory that Internal and external Earth processes operate today in the same manner as they have for millions of years
62.
1 point
_____ _____ is the climatologist in the early 1900's, who came up with the theory of Continental Drift
63.
1 point
When magma changes to a solid it form intrusive igneous rocks?
64.
1 point
Geometric fit of continental coastlines, Cross-ocean similarities in animal and plant fossils, part glaciation in current tropical/desert climates; tropical fossils in current polar climates; are examples of what?
65.
1 point
The Mantle is the largest interior zone, it is made up of solid rocky material.
66.
1 point
Divergent plate boundary that occurs in crosshatched pattern, thus creating transform movement.. this describes a Transform fault, which is common along mid-oceanic ridges
67.
1 point
Subduction is where the denser plate is forced deep below the surface; this is associated with.......