Chapter 1 ESS Vocabulary Quiz

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1.
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the innermost layer of Earth, located beneath the mantle; the core is divided into an outer and an inner core
2.
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a tentative explanation that is tested to determine if it is valid
3.
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on a topographic map, tells the distance in elevation between adjacent contour lines
4.
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the distance east or west of the prime meridian, measured in degrees
5.
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the name for the group of sciences that deals with earth and its neighbors in space
6.
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any size group of interacting parts that form a complex whole
7.
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the 2890 kilometer thick layer of earth located below the crust
8.
1 point
the scientific study of the oceans and oceanic phenomena
9.
1 point
the scientific study of the atmosphere and the atmospheric phenomena; the study of weather and climate
10.
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all life on Earth; the parts of the solid Earth, hydrosphere, and atmosphere in which living organisms are found
11.
1 point
the water portion of earth; one of the traditional subdivisions of earth's physical environment
12.
1 point
the gaseous portion of a planet; the planet's envelope of air; of the traditional subdivisions of Earth's physical environment
13.
1 point
the scientific study of the universe; it includes the observation and interpretation of celestial bodies and phenomena
14.
1 point
a well tested and widely accepted view that explains certain observable facts
15.
1 point
the gaseous portion of a planet; the planet's envelope of air; of the traditional subdivisions of Earth's physical environment
16.
1 point
a map that represents Earth's surface in three dimensions; it shows elevation, distance, direction and slope angles
17.
1 point
line on a topographic map thta indicates elevation; every point along a contour line that has the same elevation
18.
1 point
the layer of Earth under both the atmosphere and the oceans; it is composed of the core, the mantle, and the crust
19.
1 point
means the "study of earth" and is dividided into 2 main categories-physical and historical
20.
1 point
the distance north or south of the equator, measured in degrees
21.
1 point
the thin, rocky outer layer of Earth