Sociology Chapter 2 Test

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1.
1 point
An attitude of cultural relativism is the belief that
2.
1 point
The development of economic and social relationships that stretch around the world is
3.
1 point
Which would serve as the best symbol for freedom in the United States?
4.
1 point
A ____________________ is any commonly understood gesture, word, object, sound, or design that has come to stand for something else.
5.
1 point
Sociologists distinguish between what two types of norms?
6.
1 point
Which of the following is an example of nonmaterial culture?
7.
1 point
Some groups in society share values, norms, and behaviors that are not shared by the entire population. The unique cultural characteristics of these groups form what?
8.
1 point
extreme self-centeredness
9.
1 point
____________________ occurs when people use existing knowledge to create something that did not previously exist.
10.
1 point
The most important element of culture may be ____________________, the organization of written or spoken words into a standardized system.
11.
1 point
process of spreading cultural traits from one society to another
12.
1 point
shared belief about what is good or bad, right or wrong, desirable or undesirable
13.
1 point
What is a group of interdependent people who share a common culture and feeling of unity?
14.
1 point
A commitment to the full development of one’s personality, talents, and potential is
15.
1 point
norm that describes socially acceptable behavior but does not have great moral significance
16.
1 point
A friend says, “My country is the best of all.” What does this statement reflect?
17.
1 point
The popularity of health clubs and diet books is an example of the emergence of what?
18.
1 point
group that shares values, norms, and behaviors that are not shared by the entire population
19.
1 point
The following are examples of the basic components of all cultures except
20.
1 point
feature common to all cultures that is developed to ensure the fulfillment of some needs of society
21.
1 point
The process in which cultures become more and more alike is
22.
1 point
Material culture tends to change more rapidly than ____________________ culture.
23.
1 point
What are norms?
24.
1 point
Respect for the American flag is an example of what?
25.
1 point
A new technology is developed, but it takes several years before the technology is widely used. This is an example of
26.
1 point
norm that has moral significance attached to it
27.
1 point
What is one danger of ethnocentrism?