Theories of Forgetting

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Another reason that Lisa performed better may be because her rate of forgetting the vocabulary was
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Jenny had a brain injury two years ago. She now fi nds that although she remembers and recognises her old
friends, she cannot remember people she has met since the injury.
She is most likely suffering from
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Proactive interference is the term used when
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When phoning her sister at work Olivia asks the receptionist for her sister by her original surname, rather than
her married surname, which Olivia’s sister now uses.
According to the interference theory of forgetting this is an example of
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According to the forgetting curve, the rate of forgetting is typically
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Fred suffered a stroke.
The forgetting caused by Fred’s stroke is an example of
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Jamie, who is 26 years old, met a former primary school classmate at the pizza shop but could not remember his name.
Jamie felt sure that the man’s name started with V and that he would eventually remember it.
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According to the motivated theory of forgetting, memories that are forgotten
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Bob has a new job. Whenever people ask him the phone number of his employer, he can only remember his OLD employer's number. This is an example of
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Rohan and Lisa were studying for a Japanese examination. Lisa memorised her Japanese vocabulary over two months by
associating each new word with words and topics that she had previously learnt. Rohan learnt the Japanese vocabulary
during the last few days before the examination by repeating each word over and over. Lisa’s examination result was
much better than Rohan’s.

It is likely that Lisa performed better than Rohan on the examination because
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If Louisa wanted the participants in this experiment to retain a larger number of the nonsense syllables in long-term
memory, she could suggest that they
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According to the interference theory of forgetting, information is most likely to be forgotten when
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Louisa wanted to investigate some of the work done by Ebbinghaus on the forgetting curve. In her first experiment,
participants learnt a list of 13 nonsense syllables. Their memory of these items was then tested at different points in
time. Louisa’s research produced results that were similar to the forgetting curves in the work by Ebbinghaus.
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Matilda is 75 years of age. She is fi t and healthy and is not suffering from brain disease or injury.
Over the last few years, Matilda has most likely
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Andrew is a healthy, elderly man who has retired from his career as a professor of engineering. He has very clear
memories of his childhood but fi nds that he occasionally forgets some of the people and technical information
associated with his career. In his retirement, Andrew has enjoyed studying physics.

According to the decay theory of forgetting, Andrew’s forgetting of career-related information would most likely be
due to
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Which theory explains that forgetting is a result of a fading memory trace?
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When Ebbinghaus conducted his studies of forgetting, he used nonsense syllables rather than real words
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According to decay theory of forgetting
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When Susan was seven, she broke her arm and experienced extreme pain. As an adult, Susan tried to forget this traumatic
According to Freud, the type of forgetting experienced by Susan is an example of
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Which theory of forgetting provides the best explanation for Jamie’s inability to recall his former classmate’s name?