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Chapter 1 Test
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Which of the following would a physical geographer study?
Which is a pair of examples of history?
a speech yesterday and an artifact from 4,000 years ago
a sports event tomorrow and an artifact from 5,000 years ago
an invention from 100 years ago and a space flight in three years
a fossil and a skyscraper that will be completed in two years
What is the effect of climate on plant growth?
Plants that grow on certain kinds of landforms do not need climate.
Climate affects the temperature and amount of water plants will have.
Plants grow best where there is climate.
Plants create their own climate depending on where they grow.
"They are the captains and kings, saints and fanatics, traitors, rogues and villains, pathfinders and explorers, thinkers and creators, even occasionally heroes."
The speaker in the passage above is referring to
the people who make history.
the people who become archaeologists.
the people who write history.
the people who become historians.
A historian's work includes all of the following except
turning ancient discoveries into modern technology.
making predictions about the future based on the past.
studying and interpreting history.
teaching and learning about culture and identity.
What is the difference between a primary source and an artifact?
Primary sources are written sources; artifacts are objects.
Primary sources are studied by archaeologists; artifacts are studied by historians.
Primary sources are made by people; artifacts are made by machines.
Primary sources are studied by historians; artifacts are not.
The essential resources used by early peoples were
water, copper, and animals.
iron, copper, and water
copper, gold, and fertile land.
water, animals, and fertile land.
One example of people interacting with their environment is
reading about regions that have a mild climate.
trade between geographic regions.
mapping the roads of a region.
clearing away trees to plant crops.
Historians may not interpret past events in the same way because
historians are too easily influenced by archaeologists.
historians sometimes form different opinions about the secondary sources they study.
historians are not very good interpreters of the past.
historians sometimes form different opinions about the primary sources they study.
the landforms, climate, and environment of a country.
the natural resources of a region.
the beliefs, customs, and art of a group.
the weather and climate of an area.
An archaeologist would most likely explore
a mountain range that forms the border of a geographic region.
a forest or other unpopulated area.
data about climate in a region.
the site of an ancient battle.
Which of the following is an example of a physical feature?
a center of population
symbols on a map
the language that people speak in a region
Studying history can help us with decision-making because
it teaches us about world cultures.
in the past people made better decisions.
people can decide to be historians, archaeologists, or geographers.
it helps us know ourselves better.
Which of the following is an example of a location?
population center and main roads
rainfall on one side of a mountain range
Los Angeles, California
maps that help people study geography
If a country wanted to make a better government, what would be the best piece of information to use to start?
fossils from the country
documents from leaders of the country in the past
artifacts from the country that show different cultures
maps about the country from 200 years ago
"Geography doesn't simply begin and end with maps showing the location of all the countries of the world. In fact, such maps don't necessarily tell us much. No- geography poses fascinating questions about who we are and how we got to be that way, and then provides clues to the answers."
The speaker in the passage above is stating that
maps are not helpful to historians.
physical features and locations tell historians about the ways people lived.
historians want to know where people settled.
human geography is more important than physical geography.
Which is a primary source?
a book about the people of ancient China
a journal entry from a young bride traveling west
an article in a current encyclopedia
data on weather and climate
What would early people look for as they decided where to settle?
a location near a center of culture
a location near enough to food and water
a location that is in a region
a location near a center of transportation
The study of geography provides clues to all of the following except
the resources in a particular area.
why cities develop where they do.
the climate of a region.
Rivers, valleys, and mountains are examples of
A fossil is
an ancient way of writing, carved into stone or stamped into clay.
something that human beings learned how to make and use.
an imprint in stone of something that once lived.
a written record.
Which of the following would a historian be least interested in?
the customs of a group of people
the beliefs of a group of people
the bones of a group of people
the knowledge of a group of people
Which artifact is an archaeologist most likely to find at an ancient site where people once farmed?
a packet of seeds
fossils of farm animals
a newspaper article about farming
an iron tool for digging
If a historian writes his or her opinion, this is an example of
a secondary source.
a primary source.
an encyclopedia article.
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