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5th Earth Science Test
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In the Northern hemisphere when it is summer, it is ____in the southern hemisphere.
The summer solstice is the _____ day of the year.
______ is the hottest planet due to the thick CO2 atmosphere.
_____ is the only planet that rotates retrograde on its side.
When a warm air front and a cold air front collide, ____ are created.
All of the following are known as the inner planets EXCEPT
The moon completes its cycle approximately every
During the rock cycle, rock formed from intense heat and pressure is called
Erosion and weathering occur by
wind, water and ice
The moon is approximately _____ the size of the earth?
Erosion is the _____ of sediment. This is often visible in rivers, mudslildes, evolanches.
Fossils are typically found in which type of rock?
The orbital pattern of the earth around the sun is called a
During the rock cycle, rock formed from breaking down of small pieces of other rock is called ___. This makes up 75% of the rock on earth's crust.
If a student was placed on the the surface of venus, would the mass change?
The dark spots on the sun are a different color than the rest of the sun because
they are hotter than the rest of the sun
they are cooler than the rest of the sun
they are solar winds
they are magnetic
All of the following are examples of precipitation except
During the rock cycle, rock that is formed through volcanoes is called ___. This often has air pockets.
It takes approximately 24 hours for the earth to make a complete
trip around the milky way
As layers settle in rock, the organisms get trapped and become fossils over time. Which fossil is the oldest?
fossils on the bottom
fossils in the middle
fossils on the top
there are no fossils
The lunar phases of the moon are visible because
of the light reflected off of the earth
of the sun passing between the moon and the earth
of the moon's light
of the moon passing between the moon and the earth
If a student was placed on Jupiter, the mass would NOT change but the student would weigh ___ due to the gravitational pull on the sun.
Rivers create a ____ shape valley.
The sun is the source of all energy on Earth. Which of the following is the source of the sun's energy?
internal volcanoes erupting
burning of rock
nuclear fusion of hydrogen and helium
The earth's seasons are a result of the
straight angle of earth
tilt of the earth's axis
The sun provides tremendous amounts of heat to Earth. The heating is uneven. This uneven heating of Earth causes
rotation of the Earth
convection currents (wind)
Glaciers create ___ shaped valleys.
A river delta has a ______-shape. This is from slow deposition of sediment as once fast moving rivers begin slowing and moving towards the ocean.
The tilt of the earth is approximately
In the Northern hemisphere, we receive our weather patterns from which directions?
The inner and the outer planets are divided by the
The weight of a boy is greatest on Jupiter. Why?
Jupiter has a large hurricane that reduces the pressure and increases the weight of the boy
Jupiter is spinning faster than the Earth
Jupiter is farther from the sun than the Earth
Jupiter has a greater gravitational pull because of its large size
Erosion occurs on Earth but does not occur on the moon. Which statements describes the reasons why erosion occurs on Earth but not on the moon?
Earth has an atmosphere that protects it from erosion
the moon has a very thick atmosphere
the extreme temperature changes on the moon effect its surface giving it high areas
Earth has flowing water and an atmosphere that produces wind and weather where as the moon has NO wind, water or atmosphere
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