Earth Science Final Exam

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1.
1 point
Shorelines are interesting places because they show evidence of both constructive and destructive forces. _________ deposit sand but also erode it away due to the energy they carry. (choose the best answer)
2.
1 point
_________________plate movement means to slide alongside one another.
3.
1 point
In a typical cycle, weathering occurs first, deposition second and erosion third.
4.
1 point
The more ___________ there is in magma, the stickier it will be and the slower it will flow.
5.
1 point
What factors determine the power of a moving river?
6.
1 point
We all know that volcanoes are not alive, but if they are just "sleeping", we refer to them as
7.
1 point
Who proposed the theory of continental drift?
8.
1 point
When a river enters a large body of water, the water usually slows down and deposits large amounts of
9.
1 point
The two subcategories of weathering that could be either mechanical or chemical are
10.
1 point
Pangaea was a _______________.
11.
1 point
Water, Oxygen, Carbon Dioxide and Acids are significant compounds in the process of
12.
1 point
Abrasion of rock by wind, water, or living creatures are examples of
13.
1 point
Hydrocarbon chains are the basis for many minerals such as gold, and pyrite.
14.
1 point
The greatest erosional force on the planet earth is
15.
1 point
An exploration of the Atlantic Ocean floor reveals the__________________formed as the oceanic crust is spreading in opposite directions
16.
1 point
You are walking down a sidewalk after a rain shower and observe two rocks in your path. One is completely intact, the other has holes and cracks. Due to your understanding of weathering, you know that the rock with the holes and cracks will weather more slowly.
17.
1 point
This type of volcano would be on the small side and would erode faster due to the fact that it is not made out of rock.
18.
1 point
If you just felt an earthquake and wanted to report what you had personally observed, you would be using the ____________ scale to report the earthquakes _______________.
19.
1 point
As water drains away from a surface, which we call 'runoff', it can
20.
1 point
Because it is the most common (abundant) mineral group in the crust of the Earth, it is considered a very valuable resource. This mineral group is the
21.
1 point
Epochs can occur in Eras and Eras can occur in Periods
22.
1 point
Rocks can undergo stress that causes them to break and deform. The three major categories of stress are
23.
1 point
This material is dark colored and forms as plant and animal remains decay. It creates spaces to allow in air and water.
24.
1 point
_________________is the theory that the Earth's upper mantle is broken in plates that float and move around on the mantle due to ______________.
25.
1 point
Extinction events have occurred on our planet. We know this because
26.
1 point
Sea floor spreading is when new sea floor is formed when _________ is forced upward.
27.
1 point
The amount of runoff in an area depends on the following factors:
28.
1 point
Runoff is water that hasn't evaporated, been taken up into plants, or sunk into the ground
29.
1 point
Energy of an object that is being stored is called
30.
1 point
Rocks have minerals in them. These minerals form a variety of regular patterns called
31.
1 point
Rocks are most effected by erosion at the surface of the earth.
32.
1 point
This second layer of soil (from the top) is where seeds germinate and plant roots grow
33.
1 point
The Core of the Earth is made of
34.
1 point
Which of the following things are NOT examples of mechanical weathering
35.
1 point
Geoscientists regularly come across mineral specimens and use tests like ________, ___________, and _____________ to figure out it is exactly.
36.
1 point
If a discussion about destructive forces were taking place, you might hear people talking about
37.
1 point
Land moves in interesting ways. What type of mass movement is a very slow downhill movement of rock and soil that can occur on gentle slopes and tilts objects at strange angles due to freezing and thawing of water in cracked layers of rock beneath the soil.
38.
1 point
Volcanoes can erupt
39.
1 point
The most important factors in determining the rate at which weathering occurs are:
40.
1 point
Seismic waves are released during an earthquake as a release of energy. _____ waves travel below the surface and __________waves travel above or at the surface.
41.
1 point
Deposition and heat cause the formation of sedimentary rocks
42.
1 point
Of the three major categories of rocks, this one is usually found deep in the ground undergoing a great deal of stress, pressure and heat to become something new
43.
1 point
When there is a lot of tension on rock and it finally gives way and moves releasing energy in the form of a quake, what type of fault is usually left behind as a result?
44.
1 point
Weathering is when sediments are moved from one place to another and erosion is the process that breaks down rock.
45.
1 point
This universal force that we call _______ tends to pull all materials downward.
46.
1 point
Geothermal energy is an important resource because
47.
1 point
Plates are large sections of the Earth's oceanic or continental ___________
48.
1 point
If you are in a building in an earthquake and it feels that the ground is rolling in waves beneath you, you are feeling a
49.
1 point
A mixture of rock particles, minerals, decayed organic material, air and water is called
50.
1 point
The epicenter of an earthquake is the location directly above the point of origin of the quake.