6th Grade Earth Science Benchmark

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1.
1 point
Which phase of the Moon occurs after a waxing gibbous?
2.
1 point
Ocean tides of Earth are strongly influenced by the Moon. During which
lunar phases are ocean tides lowest on Earth?
3.
1 point
All of these are examples of the ways Earth and the Moon interact except
4.
1 point
Jamie studied how the position of Earth around the Sun affects the energy
available on Earth. Which best explains why a particular place on Earth receives more energy during summer months than winter months?
5.
1 point
On January 15th, there were 10 hours and 24 minutes of daylight in Jacksonville, Florida. On the same day, there were only 9 hours and 37 minutes of daylight in New York City. Why did New York have fewer hours of daylight than Florida?
6.
1 point
What percentage of the Earth is water?
7.
1 point
Of all the water on Earth, what percentage is salt water?
8.
1 point
The temperatures in space vary from extremely cold to extremely hot. Earth's surface temperature is relatively stable. Which of these is most responsible for Earth's surface temperatures?
9.
1 point
A boundary where two tectonic plates come together, or collide, is called a
10.
1 point
What direction does the moon revolve around the Earth?
11.
1 point
The San Andreas Fault in Mexico and California is watched carefully for signs of an expected earthquake. Why do scientists think an earthquake might happen there?
12.
1 point
What is the MAIN reason that the continents look very different than they did 100 million years ago?
13.
1 point
What landform is created when two continental plates collide?
14.
1 point
A solar eclipse occurs when
15.
1 point
Venus has the highest surface temperature of all the planets in our solar system. Which is the best explanation for
this?
16.
1 point
What are mid-ocean ridges?
17.
1 point
Most earthquakes and volcanoes occur in areas of the Pacific Ocean called "The Ring of Fire." What is the main reason for this?
18.
1 point
In December, 2004, an earthquake registering 9.0 on the Richter scale was recorded off the far coast of Sumatra. What is the common secondary effect of this type of earthquake?
19.
1 point
What best describes the mantle of Earth?
20.
1 point
As early as the 1600s, scientists noticed that the continents appeared to fit together like pieces of a puzzle. The idea that the continents were once together and had drifted apart was not widely accepted. In the 1940s, technology used on submarines led to evidence of continental movement. This technology allowed the scientists to do which of these?
21.
1 point
Lithospheric plates have moved to form land formations on the Earth's surface. Which land formation occurs as a result of the plates folding upon one another?
22.
1 point
Nutrients are recycled when materials decompose in an ecosystem. Which is the best example of the decomposition process where organic material is recycled in an ecosystem?
23.
1 point
Earthworms move randomly throughout topsoil. How do earthworms most likely affect the topsoil?
24.
1 point
A black brick exposed to sunlight becomes warm. How is energy from the Sun transferred to the brick?