Reading and Writing 8

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1.
3 points
READING

Read the text. Then read the sentences and choose True or False.


Soccer, tennis, baseball – have you ever wondered who invented some of the world’s most popular sports? You might be surprised to find out where these sports came from!
Some people think that the Ancient Chinese invented a kind of soccer. However, there is evidence that the Ancient Romans and Egyptians also played an early form of soccer. Soccer didn’t become more widely popular in Europe until the 14th century. At that time, the game was played by large groups of people from neighboring villages. The results were often violent and dangerous. People often broke arms and legs, and were sometimes even killed. In 1314, a law was passed by the King of England to stop people playing soccer, but people still continued to play it.

Baseball, and the similar sports cricket and rounders, probably originated from early folk games as long as 500 years ago. An early form of cricket was played by the children of farm workers. One child used to throw the ball against a tree while the other child tried to hit the ball away with a stick. The game was originally played by children but later it became popular with adults. Cricket was introduced to North America in the 17th century, and many people believe that the modern game of baseball developed from this game.

Some people believe that tennis originated in Ancient Egypt, but there is little to prove this. The most popular theory is that it was first played in 12th-century French monasteries. It is thought that the monks hit a ball with their hand against a wall in an outside courtyard. The ball bounced off the wall and sometimes the roof, and back to the player. The game became increasingly popular, and eventually gloves were worn to protect players’ hands. French aristocrats learned the game from monks and adapted the rules. Later, the gloves were replaced with a racket, and the ball was hit over a low rope hung across a courtyard. By 1500, the game had become known as “real tennis.” This traditional form of tennis is very different to modern tennis, but it is still played by some people today.


Questions:

We do not know for certain who invented soccer.
2.
3 points
READING

Soccer used to be a dangerous game in the 14th century.
3.
3 points
READING

In 1314, the King of England changed the rules of soccer.
4.
3 points
READING

People didn’t stop playing soccer in 1314.
5.
3 points
READING

Farm workers were the first people to play an early form of cricket in the 14th century.
6.
3 points
READING

The players hit trees with sticks.
7.
3 points
READING

In the 17th century, cricket was introduced to North America.
8.
3 points
READING

Most people think that tennis was invented in France.
9.
3 points
READING

Monks used to hit the ball with their hands.
10.
3 points
READING

Eventually, tennis rackets were replaced with gloves and the ball was hit over a net.
11.
1 point
GRAMMAR

Complete the text with the correct form of the verbs in parentheses.

haven’t had- was- has visited- did not have -went- used to be- have had -had left- had-left

I think my great grandmother’s childhood
(1) ________________ (be) much harder than mine. There were eight children in the family, and they (2) ________________ (not have) a lot of food. They always (3) ________________ (be) hungry. By the time she was 14, my great grandmother (4) ________________ (leave) school and was working. Her brothers and sisters also all (5) ________________ (leave) school at 14 because they had to work. After my great grandmother got married, she and my great grandfather (6) ________________ (have) six children. The youngest was my grandfather. Sadly, my great grandmother died four years ago – she was almost 100 years old! – but I know she was very proud of her family. All her grandchildren and great grandchildren, including me,
(7) ________________ (have) opportunities that she never had, such as being able to stay at school and go to college. My great grandparents never
(8) ________________ (go) abroad, but my family (9) ________________ (visit) Canada and Mexico. I (10) ______________ (not have) any of the problems my great grandmother had when she was young. I think I’m very lucky!


1: ________________________
12.
1 point
GRAMMAR

Complete the text with the correct form of the verbs in parentheses.

I think my great grandmother’s childhood
(1) ________________ (be) much harder than mine. There were eight children in the family, and they (2) ________________ (not have) a lot of food. They always (3) ________________ (be) hungry. By the time she was 14, my great grandmother (4) ________________ (leave) school and was working. Her brothers and sisters also all (5) ________________ (leave) school at 14 because they had to work. After my great grandmother got married, she and my great grandfather (6) ________________ (have) six children. The youngest was my grandfather. Sadly, my great grandmother died four years ago – she was almost 100 years old! – but I know she was very proud of her family. All her grandchildren and great grandchildren, including me,
(7) ________________ (have) opportunities that she never had, such as being able to stay at school and go to college. My great grandparents never
(8) ________________ (go) abroad, but my family (9) ________________ (visit) Canada and Mexico. I (10) ______________ (not have) any of the problems my great grandmother had when she was young. I think I’m very lucky!


2: ________________________
13.
1 point
GRAMMAR

Complete the text with the correct form of the verbs in parentheses.

I think my great grandmother’s childhood
(1) ________________ (be) much harder than mine. There were eight children in the family, and they (2) ________________ (not have) a lot of food. They always (3) ________________ (be) hungry. By the time she was 14, my great grandmother (4) ________________ (leave) school and was working. Her brothers and sisters also all (5) ________________ (leave) school at 14 because they had to work. After my great grandmother got married, she and my great grandfather (6) ________________ (have) six children. The youngest was my grandfather. Sadly, my great grandmother died four years ago – she was almost 100 years old! – but I know she was very proud of her family. All her grandchildren and great grandchildren, including me,
(7) ________________ (have) opportunities that she never had, such as being able to stay at school and go to college. My great grandparents never
(8) ________________ (go) abroad, but my family (9) ________________ (visit) Canada and Mexico. I (10) ______________ (not have) any of the problems my great grandmother had when she was young. I think I’m very lucky!


3: ________________________
14.
1 point
GRAMMAR

Complete the text with the correct form of the verbs in parentheses.

I think my great grandmother’s childhood
(1) ________________ (be) much harder than mine. There were eight children in the family, and they (2) ________________ (not have) a lot of food. They always (3) ________________ (be) hungry. By the time she was 14, my great grandmother (4) ________________ (leave) school and was working. Her brothers and sisters also all (5) ________________ (leave) school at 14 because they had to work. After my great grandmother got married, she and my great grandfather (6) ________________ (have) six children. The youngest was my grandfather. Sadly, my great grandmother died four years ago – she was almost 100 years old! – but I know she was very proud of her family. All her grandchildren and great grandchildren, including me,
(7) ________________ (have) opportunities that she never had, such as being able to stay at school and go to college. My great grandparents never
(8) ________________ (go) abroad, but my family (9) ________________ (visit) Canada and Mexico. I (10) ______________ (not have) any of the problems my great grandmother had when she was young. I think I’m very lucky!


4: ________________________
15.
1 point
GRAMMAR

Complete the text with the correct form of the verbs in parentheses.

I think my great grandmother’s childhood
(1) ________________ (be) much harder than mine. There were eight children in the family, and they (2) ________________ (not have) a lot of food. They always (3) ________________ (be) hungry. By the time she was 14, my great grandmother (4) ________________ (leave) school and was working. Her brothers and sisters also all (5) ________________ (leave) school at 14 because they had to work. After my great grandmother got married, she and my great grandfather (6) ________________ (have) six children. The youngest was my grandfather. Sadly, my great grandmother died four years ago – she was almost 100 years old! – but I know she was very proud of her family. All her grandchildren and great grandchildren, including me,
(7) ________________ (have) opportunities that she never had, such as being able to stay at school and go to college. My great grandparents never
(8) ________________ (go) abroad, but my family (9) ________________ (visit) Canada and Mexico. I (10) ______________ (not have) any of the problems my great grandmother had when she was young. I think I’m very lucky!


5: ________________________
16.
1 point
GRAMMAR

Complete the text with the correct form of the verbs in parentheses.

I think my great grandmother’s childhood
(1) ________________ (be) much harder than mine. There were eight children in the family, and they (2) ________________ (not have) a lot of food. They always (3) ________________ (be) hungry. By the time she was 14, my great grandmother (4) ________________ (leave) school and was working. Her brothers and sisters also all (5) ________________ (leave) school at 14 because they had to work. After my great grandmother got married, she and my great grandfather (6) ________________ (have) six children. The youngest was my grandfather. Sadly, my great grandmother died four years ago – she was almost 100 years old! – but I know she was very proud of her family. All her grandchildren and great grandchildren, including me,
(7) ________________ (have) opportunities that she never had, such as being able to stay at school and go to college. My great grandparents never
(8) ________________ (go) abroad, but my family (9) ________________ (visit) Canada and Mexico. I (10) ______________ (not have) any of the problems my great grandmother had when she was young. I think I’m very lucky!


6: ________________________
17.
1 point
GRAMMAR

Complete the text with the correct form of the verbs in parentheses.

I think my great grandmother’s childhood
(1) ________________ (be) much harder than mine. There were eight children in the family, and they (2) ________________ (not have) a lot of food. They always (3) ________________ (be) hungry. By the time she was 14, my great grandmother (4) ________________ (leave) school and was working. Her brothers and sisters also all (5) ________________ (leave) school at 14 because they had to work. After my great grandmother got married, she and my great grandfather (6) ________________ (have) six children. The youngest was my grandfather. Sadly, my great grandmother died four years ago – she was almost 100 years old! – but I know she was very proud of her family. All her grandchildren and great grandchildren, including me,
(7) ________________ (have) opportunities that she never had, such as being able to stay at school and go to college. My great grandparents never
(8) ________________ (go) abroad, but my family (9) ________________ (visit) Canada and Mexico. I (10) ______________ (not have) any of the problems my great grandmother had when she was young. I think I’m very lucky!


7: ________________________
18.
1 point
GRAMMAR

Complete the text with the correct form of the verbs in parentheses.

I think my great grandmother’s childhood
(1) ________________ (be) much harder than mine. There were eight children in the family, and they (2) ________________ (not have) a lot of food. They always (3) ________________ (be) hungry. By the time she was 14, my great grandmother (4) ________________ (leave) school and was working. Her brothers and sisters also all (5) ________________ (leave) school at 14 because they had to work. After my great grandmother got married, she and my great grandfather (6) ________________ (have) six children. The youngest was my grandfather. Sadly, my great grandmother died four years ago – she was almost 100 years old! – but I know she was very proud of her family. All her grandchildren and great grandchildren, including me,
(7) ________________ (have) opportunities that she never had, such as being able to stay at school and go to college. My great grandparents never
(8) ________________ (go) abroad, but my family (9) ________________ (visit) Canada and Mexico. I (10) ______________ (not have) any of the problems my great grandmother had when she was young. I think I’m very lucky!


8: ________________________
19.
1 point
GRAMMAR

Complete the text with the correct form of the verbs in parentheses.

I think my great grandmother’s childhood
(1) ________________ (be) much harder than mine. There were eight children in the family, and they (2) ________________ (not have) a lot of food. They always (3) ________________ (be) hungry. By the time she was 14, my great grandmother (4) ________________ (leave) school and was working. Her brothers and sisters also all (5) ________________ (leave) school at 14 because they had to work. After my great grandmother got married, she and my great grandfather (6) ________________ (have) six children. The youngest was my grandfather. Sadly, my great grandmother died four years ago – she was almost 100 years old! – but I know she was very proud of her family. All her grandchildren and great grandchildren, including me,
(7) ________________ (have) opportunities that she never had, such as being able to stay at school and go to college. My great grandparents never
(8) ________________ (go) abroad, but my family (9) ________________ (visit) Canada and Mexico. I (10) ______________ (not have) any of the problems my great grandmother had when she was young. I think I’m very lucky!


9: ________________________
20.
1 point
GRAMMAR

Complete the text with the correct form of the verbs in parentheses.

I think my great grandmother’s childhood
(1) ________________ (be) much harder than mine. There were eight children in the family, and they (2) ________________ (not have) a lot of food. They always (3) ________________ (be) hungry. By the time she was 14, my great grandmother (4) ________________ (leave) school and was working. Her brothers and sisters also all (5) ________________ (leave) school at 14 because they had to work. After my great grandmother got married, she and my great grandfather (6) ________________ (have) six children. The youngest was my grandfather. Sadly, my great grandmother died four years ago – she was almost 100 years old! – but I know she was very proud of her family. All her grandchildren and great grandchildren, including me,
(7) ________________ (have) opportunities that she never had, such as being able to stay at school and go to college. My great grandparents never
(8) ________________ (go) abroad, but my family (9) ________________ (visit) Canada and Mexico. I (10) ______________ (not have) any of the problems my great grandmother had when she was young. I think I’m very lucky!


10: ________________________
21.
20 points
WRITING

Write a description of someone you admire who has had an interesting life. Think of these things: (100 words)

• Who is the person?
• What interesting things have they done?
• Why do you admire him/her?
22.
1 point
GRAMMAR

Choose, then write the best option in each line:

1 I missed / had missed the train because it had already left the station.
23.
1 point
GRAMMAR

He started to walk quickly because he noticed / had noticed someone following him.
24.
1 point
GRAMMAR

Andy lived / had lived in three countries by the time he was ten years old.
25.
1 point
GRAMMAR

Nobody had understood her before she improved / had improved her pronunciation.
26.
1 point
GRAMMAR

She had to go to the hospital because she broke / had broken her leg in an accident.
27.
1 point
GRAMMAR

Madison had learned to drive before she was / had been 17.
28.
1 point
GRAMMAR

I cooked dinner because my mom called / had called and asked me to.
29.
1 point
GRAMMAR

Harry went / had been out every night, and now he had no money.
30.
1 point
GRAMMAR

By the time my grandmother was 25, she had / had had three children.
31.
1 point
GRAMMAR

Last year I did / had done things I had never done before.
32.
3 points
READING

Read the text and complete the sentences with the following words:

some major electronics companies- an exam project- to study at college- other emergency and rescue workers- companies’ logos- are falling down or on fire- a number of companies- for young scientists-a number of prizes and sponsorship deals- to Portugal


When 17-year-old Andrew Cowan from the U.K. made a remote-controlled robot for an exam project, he had no idea how successful it would be.
Andrew invented the recovery robot to help firefighters and other emergency and rescue workers. The robot is designed to go into buildings that are falling down or on fire. It can help emergency workers find out if anyone is inside the building and needs help, without having to go into the building themselves.
The invention made such a good impression with the exam judges that Andrew was chosen to represent his country in a European contest for young scientists in Portugal in 2010.
Before Andrew was sent to Portugal, the robot had already won a number of prizes and sponsorship deals. A few months earlier, in March 2010, Andrew had been given the engineering and technology prize in a major national contest for science and engineering, as well as the Siemens prize. When creating this robot, Andrew received sponsorship for the project from several companies; he contacted the companies, who agreed to give him some of the parts he needed for the robot, such as the robot’s heat sensor. Andrew placed their company logos on the robot in return for sponsoring the project.
Andrew’s robot is fitted with firefighting equipment, plus a camera, and a sensor, and this caught the attention of some large companies. The electronics company Siemens is going to sponsor him to study at college, while other important electronics companies have offered him jobs for when he graduates from college.

1: Andrew Cowan invented a robot as part of _________________

33.
3 points
READING

Read the text and complete the sentences with the following words:

some major electronics companies- an exam project- to study at college- other emergency and rescue workers- companies’ logos- are falling down or on fire- a number of companies- for young scientists-a number of prizes and sponsorship deals- to Portugal


When 17-year-old Andrew Cowan from the U.K. made a remote-controlled robot for an exam project, he had no idea how successful it would be.
Andrew invented the recovery robot to help firefighters and other emergency and rescue workers. The robot is designed to go into buildings that are falling down or on fire. It can help emergency workers find out if anyone is inside the building and needs help, without having to go into the building themselves.
The invention made such a good impression with the exam judges that Andrew was chosen to represent his country in a European contest for young scientists in Portugal in 2010.
Before Andrew was sent to Portugal, the robot had already won a number of prizes and sponsorship deals. A few months earlier, in March 2010, Andrew had been given the engineering and technology prize in a major national contest for science and engineering, as well as the Siemens prize. When creating this robot, Andrew received sponsorship for the project from several companies; he contacted the companies, who agreed to give him some of the parts he needed for the robot, such as the robot’s heat sensor. Andrew placed their company logos on the robot in return for sponsoring the project.
Andrew’s robot is fitted with firefighting equipment, plus a camera, and a sensor, and this caught the attention of some large companies. The electronics company Siemens is going to sponsor him to study at college, while other important electronics companies have offered him jobs for when he graduates from college.

2: He invented it to help firefighters and _________________
34.
3 points
READING

Read the text and complete the sentences with the following words:

some major electronics companies- an exam project- to study at college- other emergency and rescue workers- companies’ logos- are falling down or on fire- a number of companies- for young scientists-a number of prizes and sponsorship deals- to Portugal


When 17-year-old Andrew Cowan from the U.K. made a remote-controlled robot for an exam project, he had no idea how successful it would be.
Andrew invented the recovery robot to help firefighters and other emergency and rescue workers. The robot is designed to go into buildings that are falling down or on fire. It can help emergency workers find out if anyone is inside the building and needs help, without having to go into the building themselves.
The invention made such a good impression with the exam judges that Andrew was chosen to represent his country in a European contest for young scientists in Portugal in 2010.
Before Andrew was sent to Portugal, the robot had already won a number of prizes and sponsorship deals. A few months earlier, in March 2010, Andrew had been given the engineering and technology prize in a major national contest for science and engineering, as well as the Siemens prize. When creating this robot, Andrew received sponsorship for the project from several companies; he contacted the companies, who agreed to give him some of the parts he needed for the robot, such as the robot’s heat sensor. Andrew placed their company logos on the robot in return for sponsoring the project.
Andrew’s robot is fitted with firefighting equipment, plus a camera, and a sensor, and this caught the attention of some large companies. The electronics company Siemens is going to sponsor him to study at college, while other important electronics companies have offered him jobs for when he graduates from college.

3: Thanks to the robot, firefighters don’t have to go into buildings that _________________
35.
3 points
READING

Read the text and complete the sentences with the following words:

some major electronics companies- an exam project- to study at college- other emergency and rescue workers- companies’ logos- are falling down or on fire- a number of companies- for young scientists-a number of prizes and sponsorship deals- to Portugal


When 17-year-old Andrew Cowan from the U.K. made a remote-controlled robot for an exam project, he had no idea how successful it would be.
Andrew invented the recovery robot to help firefighters and other emergency and rescue workers. The robot is designed to go into buildings that are falling down or on fire. It can help emergency workers find out if anyone is inside the building and needs help, without having to go into the building themselves.
The invention made such a good impression with the exam judges that Andrew was chosen to represent his country in a European contest for young scientists in Portugal in 2010.
Before Andrew was sent to Portugal, the robot had already won a number of prizes and sponsorship deals. A few months earlier, in March 2010, Andrew had been given the engineering and technology prize in a major national contest for science and engineering, as well as the Siemens prize. When creating this robot, Andrew received sponsorship for the project from several companies; he contacted the companies, who agreed to give him some of the parts he needed for the robot, such as the robot’s heat sensor. Andrew placed their company logos on the robot in return for sponsoring the project.
Andrew’s robot is fitted with firefighting equipment, plus a camera, and a sensor, and this caught the attention of some large companies. The electronics company Siemens is going to sponsor him to study at college, while other important electronics companies have offered him jobs for when he graduates from college.

4: Andrew was chosen to represent his country in a contest ___________________________.
36.
3 points
READING

Read the text and complete the sentences with the following words:

some major electronics companies- an exam project- to study at college- other emergency and rescue workers- companies’ logos- are falling down or on fire- a number of companies- for young scientists-a number of prizes and sponsorship deals- to Portugal


When 17-year-old Andrew Cowan from the U.K. made a remote-controlled robot for an exam project, he had no idea how successful it would be.
Andrew invented the recovery robot to help firefighters and other emergency and rescue workers. The robot is designed to go into buildings that are falling down or on fire. It can help emergency workers find out if anyone is inside the building and needs help, without having to go into the building themselves.
The invention made such a good impression with the exam judges that Andrew was chosen to represent his country in a European contest for young scientists in Portugal in 2010.
Before Andrew was sent to Portugal, the robot had already won a number of prizes and sponsorship deals. A few months earlier, in March 2010, Andrew had been given the engineering and technology prize in a major national contest for science and engineering, as well as the Siemens prize. When creating this robot, Andrew received sponsorship for the project from several companies; he contacted the companies, who agreed to give him some of the parts he needed for the robot, such as the robot’s heat sensor. Andrew placed their company logos on the robot in return for sponsoring the project.
Andrew’s robot is fitted with firefighting equipment, plus a camera, and a sensor, and this caught the attention of some large companies. The electronics company Siemens is going to sponsor him to study at college, while other important electronics companies have offered him jobs for when he graduates from college.

5 Andrew flew _________________________
for the contest.
37.
3 points
READING

Read the text and complete the sentences with the following words:

some major electronics companies- an exam project- to study at college- other emergency and rescue workers- companies’ logos- are falling down or on fire- a number of companies- for young scientists-a number of prizes and sponsorship deals- to Portugal


When 17-year-old Andrew Cowan from the U.K. made a remote-controlled robot for an exam project, he had no idea how successful it would be.
Andrew invented the recovery robot to help firefighters and other emergency and rescue workers. The robot is designed to go into buildings that are falling down or on fire. It can help emergency workers find out if anyone is inside the building and needs help, without having to go into the building themselves.
The invention made such a good impression with the exam judges that Andrew was chosen to represent his country in a European contest for young scientists in Portugal in 2010.
Before Andrew was sent to Portugal, the robot had already won a number of prizes and sponsorship deals. A few months earlier, in March 2010, Andrew had been given the engineering and technology prize in a major national contest for science and engineering, as well as the Siemens prize. When creating this robot, Andrew received sponsorship for the project from several companies; he contacted the companies, who agreed to give him some of the parts he needed for the robot, such as the robot’s heat sensor. Andrew placed their company logos on the robot in return for sponsoring the project.
Andrew’s robot is fitted with firefighting equipment, plus a camera, and a sensor, and this caught the attention of some large companies. The electronics company Siemens is going to sponsor him to study at college, while other important electronics companies have offered him jobs for when he graduates from college.

6 Before the contest, Andrew had already won ____________________________.
38.
3 points
READING

Read the text and complete the sentences with the following words:

some major electronics companies- an exam project- to study at college- other emergency and rescue workers- companies’ logos- are falling down or on fire- a number of companies- for young scientists-a number of prizes and sponsorship deals- to Portugal


When 17-year-old Andrew Cowan from the U.K. made a remote-controlled robot for an exam project, he had no idea how successful it would be.
Andrew invented the recovery robot to help firefighters and other emergency and rescue workers. The robot is designed to go into buildings that are falling down or on fire. It can help emergency workers find out if anyone is inside the building and needs help, without having to go into the building themselves.
The invention made such a good impression with the exam judges that Andrew was chosen to represent his country in a European contest for young scientists in Portugal in 2010.
Before Andrew was sent to Portugal, the robot had already won a number of prizes and sponsorship deals. A few months earlier, in March 2010, Andrew had been given the engineering and technology prize in a major national contest for science and engineering, as well as the Siemens prize. When creating this robot, Andrew received sponsorship for the project from several companies; he contacted the companies, who agreed to give him some of the parts he needed for the robot, such as the robot’s heat sensor. Andrew placed their company logos on the robot in return for sponsoring the project.
Andrew’s robot is fitted with firefighting equipment, plus a camera, and a sensor, and this caught the attention of some large companies. The electronics company Siemens is going to sponsor him to study at college, while other important electronics companies have offered him jobs for when he graduates from college.

7 ____________________________ had already sponsored the project.
39.
3 points
READING

Read the text and complete the sentences with the following words:

some major electronics companies- an exam project- to study at college- other emergency and rescue workers- companies’ logos- are falling down or on fire- a number of companies- for young scientists-a number of prizes and sponsorship deals- to Portugal


When 17-year-old Andrew Cowan from the U.K. made a remote-controlled robot for an exam project, he had no idea how successful it would be.
Andrew invented the recovery robot to help firefighters and other emergency and rescue workers. The robot is designed to go into buildings that are falling down or on fire. It can help emergency workers find out if anyone is inside the building and needs help, without having to go into the building themselves.
The invention made such a good impression with the exam judges that Andrew was chosen to represent his country in a European contest for young scientists in Portugal in 2010.
Before Andrew was sent to Portugal, the robot had already won a number of prizes and sponsorship deals. A few months earlier, in March 2010, Andrew had been given the engineering and technology prize in a major national contest for science and engineering, as well as the Siemens prize. When creating this robot, Andrew received sponsorship for the project from several companies; he contacted the companies, who agreed to give him some of the parts he needed for the robot, such as the robot’s heat sensor. Andrew placed their company logos on the robot in return for sponsoring the project.
Andrew’s robot is fitted with firefighting equipment, plus a camera, and a sensor, and this caught the attention of some large companies. The electronics company Siemens is going to sponsor him to study at college, while other important electronics companies have offered him jobs for when he graduates from college.

8 In return for sponsorship, the ____________________________ were put on the robot.
40.
3 points
READING

Read the text and complete the sentences with the following words:

some major electronics companies- an exam project- to study at college- other emergency and rescue workers- companies’ logos- are falling down or on fire- a number of companies- for young scientists-a number of prizes and sponsorship deals- to Portugal


When 17-year-old Andrew Cowan from the U.K. made a remote-controlled robot for an exam project, he had no idea how successful it would be.
Andrew invented the recovery robot to help firefighters and other emergency and rescue workers. The robot is designed to go into buildings that are falling down or on fire. It can help emergency workers find out if anyone is inside the building and needs help, without having to go into the building themselves.
The invention made such a good impression with the exam judges that Andrew was chosen to represent his country in a European contest for young scientists in Portugal in 2010.
Before Andrew was sent to Portugal, the robot had already won a number of prizes and sponsorship deals. A few months earlier, in March 2010, Andrew had been given the engineering and technology prize in a major national contest for science and engineering, as well as the Siemens prize. When creating this robot, Andrew received sponsorship for the project from several companies; he contacted the companies, who agreed to give him some of the parts he needed for the robot, such as the robot’s heat sensor. Andrew placed their company logos on the robot in return for sponsoring the project.
Andrew’s robot is fitted with firefighting equipment, plus a camera, and a sensor, and this caught the attention of some large companies. The electronics company Siemens is going to sponsor him to study at college, while other important electronics companies have offered him jobs for when he graduates from college.

9 Siemens offered to sponsor Andrew ____________________________.
41.
3 points
READING

Read the text and complete the sentences with the following words:

some major electronics companies- an exam project- to study at college- other emergency and rescue workers- companies’ logos- are falling down or on fire- a number of companies- for young scientists-a number of prizes and sponsorship deals- to Portugal


When 17-year-old Andrew Cowan from the U.K. made a remote-controlled robot for an exam project, he had no idea how successful it would be.
Andrew invented the recovery robot to help firefighters and other emergency and rescue workers. The robot is designed to go into buildings that are falling down or on fire. It can help emergency workers find out if anyone is inside the building and needs help, without having to go into the building themselves.
The invention made such a good impression with the exam judges that Andrew was chosen to represent his country in a European contest for young scientists in Portugal in 2010.
Before Andrew was sent to Portugal, the robot had already won a number of prizes and sponsorship deals. A few months earlier, in March 2010, Andrew had been given the engineering and technology prize in a major national contest for science and engineering, as well as the Siemens prize. When creating this robot, Andrew received sponsorship for the project from several companies; he contacted the companies, who agreed to give him some of the parts he needed for the robot, such as the robot’s heat sensor. Andrew placed their company logos on the robot in return for sponsoring the project.
Andrew’s robot is fitted with firefighting equipment, plus a camera, and a sensor, and this caught the attention of some large companies. The electronics company Siemens is going to sponsor him to study at college, while other important electronics companies have offered him jobs for when he graduates from college.

10 He has been offered jobs by ____________________________.