Linguistics Quiz Ch1

Is this your test? Login to manage it. If not, you can create an assessment just like it.

1.
1 point
The mental representation of a speakers linguistic competence
2.
1 point
Describes the property of language including sign language, whereby there is no natural or intrinsic relationship between the way a word is pronounced and its meaning.
3.
1 point
A word composed of two or more words, which may be written as a single word or as words separated by spaces or hyphens
4.
2 points
Is this seperation of morphemes correct?

De+clar+a+tion
5.
1 point
The rightmost word: generally indicates the category and general meaning of the compound, what the sentence is referring to.
6.
5 points
Essay Question: What is true of Human communication in relation to animal communication?
7.
5 points
Essay Question: What statement/s about Prescriptive grammar is/are correct?
(hint: only one is incorrect)
8.
1 point
A sound or gesture, typically a morpheme in a spoken language, that has a form bound to a meaning in a single unit.
9.
1 point
A bound grammatical morpheme that is affixed to a word according to the rules of syntax
10.
1 point
The innate principles and properties that pertain to the grammar of all human languages
11.
1 point
Rules of grammar brought about by grammarians in an attempt to legislate what speakers grammatical rules should be, rather than what they are.
12.
1 point
The phonological or gestural representation of a morpheme or word.
13.
1 point
The class of lexical content words; a category of words that commonly adds new words.
14.
2 points
Is this separation of morphemes correct?

Un+desire+ability
15.
1 point
The knowledge of a language represented by the mental grammar that accounts for speakers linguistic ability and creativity, a commonly unconscious knowledge.
16.
1 point
Refers to morphological rules that can be used freely and apply to all forms to create new words
17.
1 point
The base to which an affix is attached to create a more complex form that may be another of this, or a word
18.
1 point
A speakers ability to combine the infinite number of linguistic units of their language to produce and understand an infinite range of novel sentences.
19.
1 point
A linguists description or model of the mental grammar, including the units, structures, and rules. An explicit statement about what speakers know about their language.
20.
1 point
A term used to refer to inflected morphemes in which the regular rules do not apply.
21.
2 points
Is this separation of morphemes correct?

In+div+isible
22.
1 point
The internalized grammar that a descriptive grammar attempts to model.
23.
5 points
Essay Question: What statement/s about descriptive grammar is/are true?
24.
1 point
A set of language rules written to help speakers learn a foreign language or a different dialect of their language
25.
1 point
The morpheme that remains when all affixes are stripped from a complex word
26.
1 point
The conceptual or semantic aspect of a sign or utterance that permits us to comprehend the message being conveyed. Expressions in language generally have both forms- pronunciation and gesture.
27.
1 point
A category, generally a functional category, that rarely has new words added to it.
28.
1 point
The smallest unit of linguistic meaning or function
29.
5 points
Essay Question: What are the true statements about animals' communication systems?
30.
2 points
The word "sleeping" is a verb. When you remove the "-ing", it remains a verb (or a noun. English, am i right?) what is "-ing"?
31.
2 points
Is this seperation of morphemes correct?

Gentle+man+li+ness?
32.
2 points
According to the X-Bar schema, in the sentence "The lazy cat sat on the chair", would the word "lazy" be placed underneath the NP or the T-bar?
33.
2 points
What the word "unfriendly" ?
34.
2 points
when you remove the word "un" from "unfriendly", it remains an adjective, but what is the morpheme "un"?
35.
1 point
A morpheme added to a stem or root to form a new stem or word, possibly, but not necessarily, resulting in a change in syntactic category.
36.
1 point
The use of linguistic competence in the production and comprehension of a language behavior as distinguished from linguistic knowledge. E.g. One million word sentences are an option, but this prohibits that from occuring.
37.
2 points
In the sentence "The lazy cat sat on the chair", would the prepositional phrase (PP) be placed below the V-bar or merely beneath the VP?
38.
1 point
Creation of a new word by removing an affix from an old word or by removing what is mistakenly considered an affix. E.g., Donation-donate, Editor-edit