Reading and writing 9b

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1.
3 points
Vocabulary 1: Complete the text with the words learnt in the lesson.

OK, so I’m a bit confused. When I heard Bear Grylls was the Chief Scout, I thought, ‘Cool, I want to be a scout. Maybe we’ll have wild adventures like Bear.’ But then I joined and it’s nothing like that. So far, I’ve learned to (1) __________ bread and (2) __________ clothes with holes in them. Huh? What’s that about? And it gets worse; next week we’re going to a farm to learn how to (3) __________ a cow. That’s not very exciting, is it? Who needs to know how to do that anymore? I mean, we live in the 21st century, not back in the days when people used to (4) __________ by horse and cart and (5) __________ clothes by hand. This is not cool …

Answer for 1: ______ Write the word do not use capital letter.
2.
3 points
Vocabulary 1: Complete the text with the words learnt in the lesson.

OK, so I’m a bit confused. When I heard Bear Grylls was the Chief Scout, I thought, ‘Cool, I want to be a scout. Maybe we’ll have wild adventures like Bear.’ But then I joined and it’s nothing like that. So far, I’ve learned to (1) __________ bread and (2) __________ clothes with holes in them. Huh? What’s that about? And it gets worse; next week we’re going to a farm to learn how to (3) __________ a cow. That’s not very exciting, is it? Who needs to know how to do that anymore? I mean, we live in the 21st century, not back in the days when people used to (4) __________ by horse and cart and (5) __________ clothes by hand. This is not cool …

Answer for 2: ______ Write the word do not use capital letter.
3.
3 points
Vocabulary 1: Complete the text with the words learnt in the lesson.

OK, so I’m a bit confused. When I heard Bear Grylls was the Chief Scout, I thought, ‘Cool, I want to be a scout. Maybe we’ll have wild adventures like Bear.’ But then I joined and it’s nothing like that. So far, I’ve learned to (1) __________ bread and (2) __________ clothes with holes in them. Huh? What’s that about? And it gets worse; next week we’re going to a farm to learn how to (3) __________ a cow. That’s not very exciting, is it? Who needs to know how to do that anymore? I mean, we live in the 21st century, not back in the days when people used to (4) __________ by horse and cart and (5) __________ clothes by hand. This is not cool …

Answer for 3: ______ Write the word do not use capital letter.
4.
3 points
Vocabulary 1: Complete the text with the words learnt in the lesson.

OK, so I’m a bit confused. When I heard Bear Grylls was the Chief Scout, I thought, ‘Cool, I want to be a scout. Maybe we’ll have wild adventures like Bear.’ But then I joined and it’s nothing like that. So far, I’ve learned to (1) __________ bread and (2) __________ clothes with holes in them. Huh? What’s that about? And it gets worse; next week we’re going to a farm to learn how to (3) __________ a cow. That’s not very exciting, is it? Who needs to know how to do that anymore? I mean, we live in the 21st century, not back in the days when people used to (4) __________ by horse and cart and (5) __________ clothes by hand. This is not cool …

Answer for 4: ______ Write the word do not use capital letter.
5.
3 points
Vocabulary 1: Complete the text with the words learnt in the lesson.

OK, so I’m a bit confused. When I heard Bear Grylls was the Chief Scout, I thought, ‘Cool, I want to be a scout. Maybe we’ll have wild adventures like Bear.’ But then I joined and it’s nothing like that. So far, I’ve learned to (1) __________ bread and (2) __________ clothes with holes in them. Huh? What’s that about? And it gets worse; next week we’re going to a farm to learn how to (3) __________ a cow. That’s not very exciting, is it? Who needs to know how to do that anymore? I mean, we live in the 21st century, not back in the days when people used to (4) __________ by horse and cart and (5) __________ clothes by hand. This is not cool …

Answer for 5: ______ Write the word do not use capital letter.
6.
3 points
Vocabulary 2: Write the missing prepositions (eg about, of, etc) to complete the text.

OK, so I feel a bit guilty (6) __________ what I said before. I’m actually really grateful (7) __________ the skills I’ve learned now. We were camping last week near a farm in the Scottish Highlands when the worst
winter storm in 150 years struck. All the roads were closed for over two weeks and we were stuck on the farm – but none of the farmer’s machines were working in the cold temperatures and the water pipes were
frozen too. We’d no food and no water. Not to worry – we knew how to make bread on an open fire and get milk without any machines. Problem solved. I was so proud (8) __________ myself and the other
scouts. For two weeks we lived like we were back in the early 1900s – and we weren’t jealous (9) __________ the people who were safe and warm in their beds back home. We weren’t even anxious (10) __________ our situation because we knew we had the skills to survive. I guess I was wrong – knowing how to bake and sew and things like that really is cool.

Answe for 6: ___ Write the word do not use capital letter
7.
3 points
Vocabulary 2: Write the missing prepositions (eg about, of, etc) to complete the text.

OK, so I feel a bit guilty (6) __________ what I said before. I’m actually really grateful (7) __________ the skills I’ve learned now. We were camping last week near a farm in the Scottish Highlands when the worst
winter storm in 150 years struck. All the roads were closed for over two weeks and we were stuck on the farm – but none of the farmer’s machines were working in the cold temperatures and the water pipes were
frozen too. We’d no food and no water. Not to worry – we knew how to make bread on an open fire and get milk without any machines. Problem solved. I was so proud (8) __________ myself and the other
scouts. For two weeks we lived like we were back in the early 1900s – and we weren’t jealous (9) __________ the people who were safe and warm in their beds back home. We weren’t even anxious (10) __________ our situation because we knew we had the skills to survive. I guess I was wrong – knowing how to bake and sew and things like that really is cool.

Answe for 7: ___ Write the word do not use capital letter
8.
3 points
Vocabulary 2: Write the missing prepositions (eg about, of, etc) to complete the text.

OK, so I feel a bit guilty (6) __________ what I said before. I’m actually really grateful (7) __________ the skills I’ve learned now. We were camping last week near a farm in the Scottish Highlands when the worst
winter storm in 150 years struck. All the roads were closed for over two weeks and we were stuck on the farm – but none of the farmer’s machines were working in the cold temperatures and the water pipes were
frozen too. We’d no food and no water. Not to worry – we knew how to make bread on an open fire and get milk without any machines. Problem solved. I was so proud (8) __________ myself and the other
scouts. For two weeks we lived like we were back in the early 1900s – and we weren’t jealous (9) __________ the people who were safe and warm in their beds back home. We weren’t even anxious (10) __________ our situation because we knew we had the skills to survive. I guess I was wrong – knowing how to bake and sew and things like that really is cool.

Answe for 8: ___ Write the word do not use capital letter
9.
3 points
Vocabulary 2: Write the missing prepositions (eg about, of, etc) to complete the text.

OK, so I feel a bit guilty (6) __________ what I said before. I’m actually really grateful (7) __________ the skills I’ve learned now. We were camping last week near a farm in the Scottish Highlands when the worst
winter storm in 150 years struck. All the roads were closed for over two weeks and we were stuck on the farm – but none of the farmer’s machines were working in the cold temperatures and the water pipes were
frozen too. We’d no food and no water. Not to worry – we knew how to make bread on an open fire and get milk without any machines. Problem solved. I was so proud (8) __________ myself and the other
scouts. For two weeks we lived like we were back in the early 1900s – and we weren’t jealous (9) __________ the people who were safe and warm in their beds back home. We weren’t even anxious (10) __________ our situation because we knew we had the skills to survive. I guess I was wrong – knowing how to bake and sew and things like that really is cool.

Answe for 9: ___ Write the word do not use capital letter
10.
3 points
Vocabulary 2: Write the missing prepositions (eg about, of, etc) to complete the text.

OK, so I feel a bit guilty (6) __________ what I said before. I’m actually really grateful (7) __________ the skills I’ve learned now. We were camping last week near a farm in the Scottish Highlands when the worst
winter storm in 150 years struck. All the roads were closed for over two weeks and we were stuck on the farm – but none of the farmer’s machines were working in the cold temperatures and the water pipes were
frozen too. We’d no food and no water. Not to worry – we knew how to make bread on an open fire and get milk without any machines. Problem solved. I was so proud (8) __________ myself and the other
scouts. For two weeks we lived like we were back in the early 1900s – and we weren’t jealous (9) __________ the people who were safe and warm in their beds back home. We weren’t even anxious (10) __________ our situation because we knew we had the skills to survive. I guess I was wrong – knowing how to bake and sew and things like that really is cool.

Answe for 10: ___ Write the word do not use capital letter
11.
3 points
Grammar 1: Complete the text with the word(s) in brackets and the correct form of the Used to verb. You may also need to use a question word or phrase (eg Why) for some answers.

When I was a young lad growing up on the farm, things (11) __________ (be) very different.
(12) ____________________ (we, have) all these special farm machines they have nowadays? No, we didn’t. We (13) __________ (get up) at 5am and start work, doing a lot of things by hand. Sure, we had tractors and things like that, but we (14) __________ (not have) special machines for milking or for planting crops. (15) __________ (do, we) the milking? Well, by hand, of course …

Answer for 11: ________ Write the answer, do not use capital letter
12.
3 points
Grammar 1: Complete the text with the word(s) in brackets and the correct form of the Used to verb. You may also need to use a question word or phrase (eg Why) for some answers.

When I was a young lad growing up on the farm, things (11) __________ (be) very different.
(12) ____________________ (we, have) all these special farm machines they have nowadays? No, we didn’t. We (13) __________ (get up) at 5am and start work, doing a lot of things by hand. Sure, we had tractors and things like that, but we (14) __________ (not have) special machines for milking or for planting crops. (15) __________ (do, we) the milking? Well, by hand, of course …

Answer for 12: ________ Write the answer, do not use capital letter
13.
3 points
Grammar 1: Complete the text with the word(s) in brackets and the correct form of the Used to verb. You may also need to use a question word or phrase (eg Why) for some answers.

When I was a young lad growing up on the farm, things (11) __________ (be) very different.
(12) ____________________ (we, have) all these special farm machines they have nowadays? No, we didn’t. We (13) __________ (get up) at 5am and start work, doing a lot of things by hand. Sure, we had tractors and things like that, but we (14) __________ (not have) special machines for milking or for planting crops. (15) __________ (do, we) the milking? Well, by hand, of course …

Answer for 13: ________ Write the answer, do not use capital letter
14.
3 points
Grammar 1: Complete the text with the word(s) in brackets and the correct form of the Used to verb. You may also need to use a question word or phrase (eg Why) for some answers.

When I was a young lad growing up on the farm, things (11) __________ (be) very different.
(12) ____________________ (we, have) all these special farm machines they have nowadays? No, we didn’t. We (13) __________ (get up) at 5am and start work, doing a lot of things by hand. Sure, we had tractors and things like that, but we (14) __________ (not have) special machines for milking or for planting crops. (15) __________ (do, we) the milking? Well, by hand, of course …

Answer for 14: ________ Write the answer, do not use capital letter. Do not use contractions
15.
3 points
Grammar 1: Complete the text with the word(s) in brackets and the correct form of the Used to verb. You may also need to use a question word or phrase (eg Why) for some answers.

When I was a young lad growing up on the farm, things (11) __________ (be) very different.
(12) ____________________ (we, have) all these special farm machines they have nowadays? No, we didn’t. We (13) __________ (get up) at 5am and start work, doing a lot of things by hand. Sure, we had tractors and things like that, but we (14) __________ (not have) special machines for milking or for planting crops. (15) __________ (do, we) the milking? Well, by hand, of course …

Answer for 15: ________ Write the answer, do not use capital letter
16.
3 points
Read the text and answer the questions

Britain before technology

You might be surprised to hear that before some of the inventions that we take for granted in our everyday lives had been created, people were still able to achieve many of the things that modern technology does for
us nowadays.
Waking up without alarm clocks Have you ever thought about how people used to wake up in the morning before alarm clocks were invented?
Well, they didn't use to wake up by magic. There was a person who used to go from house to house in the morning, knocking on the windows of the sleeping inhabitants with a wooden stick. He had a short stick for the
windows on the ground floor and a longer, lighter one for the windows which were too high to reach. This person was called a knocker-upper. The job of the knocker-upper died out in the 1920s when alarm clocks
became available to all members of British society.

Learning the news without the modern media There wasn't always television or radio to make it possible for people to learn the latest news and in the old days quite a lot of people were unable to read and write, so not everybody could read a newspaper or a printed advertisement. Indeed, many people used to find out about what was going on in town from a person called a town crier or bellman. The town crier used to stand in a central location in the town, ring the bell that he held in his hand and announce the news to the people simply by shouting it out. Town criers still exist in some towns in Britain but, although they wear traditional costumes, they only perform their duties at special ceremonies.

Keeping food cold without refrigerators Before fridges had become widely available, people used to keep iceboxes in their houses to keep food cool
and fresh. These iceboxes had to be filled frequently with new ice and this was done by a person called an iceman. The iceman used to deliver ice, which had been cut into huge blocks from frozen rivers or lakes, to
houses many times a week. The job of the iceman had started to disappear by the 1950s as fridges gradually replaced iceboxes in British homes.

Complete the summary. Write one or two words from the text in each gap (1−10). Do not change the form of the words.

How people woke up w/o alarm clocks
People woke up with the help of a (1) _______________ called a (2) _______________ who used to visit houses in the morning and knock on the windows with a wooden stick. In the 1920s this job started to disappear because people could buy (3) _______________ .

Answer for 1: __________ Do not use capital letter
17.
3 points
Read the text and answer the questions

Britain before technology

You might be surprised to hear that before some of the inventions that we take for granted in our everyday lives had been created, people were still able to achieve many of the things that modern technology does for
us nowadays.
Waking up without alarm clocks Have you ever thought about how people used to wake up in the morning before alarm clocks were invented?
Well, they didn't use to wake up by magic. There was a person who used to go from house to house in the morning, knocking on the windows of the sleeping inhabitants with a wooden stick. He had a short stick for the
windows on the ground floor and a longer, lighter one for the windows which were too high to reach. This person was called a knocker-upper. The job of the knocker-upper died out in the 1920s when alarm clocks
became available to all members of British society.

Learning the news without the modern media There wasn't always television or radio to make it possible for people to learn the latest news and in the old days quite a lot of people were unable to read and write, so not everybody could read a newspaper or a printed advertisement. Indeed, many people used to find out about what was going on in town from a person called a town crier or bellman. The town crier used to stand in a central location in the town, ring the bell that he held in his hand and announce the news to the people simply by shouting it out. Town criers still exist in some towns in Britain but, although they wear traditional costumes, they only perform their duties at special ceremonies.

Keeping food cold without refrigerators Before fridges had become widely available, people used to keep iceboxes in their houses to keep food cool
and fresh. These iceboxes had to be filled frequently with new ice and this was done by a person called an iceman. The iceman used to deliver ice, which had been cut into huge blocks from frozen rivers or lakes, to
houses many times a week. The job of the iceman had started to disappear by the 1950s as fridges gradually replaced iceboxes in British homes.

Complete the summary. Write one or two words from the text in each gap (1−10). Do not change the form of the words.

How people woke up w/o alarm clocks
People woke up with the help of a (1) _______________ called a (2) _______________ who used to visit houses in the morning and knock on the windows with a wooden stick. In the 1920s this job started to disappear because people could buy (3) _______________ .

Answer for 2: __________ Do not use capital letter
18.
3 points
Read the text and answer the questions

Britain before technology

You might be surprised to hear that before some of the inventions that we take for granted in our everyday lives had been created, people were still able to achieve many of the things that modern technology does for
us nowadays.
Waking up without alarm clocks Have you ever thought about how people used to wake up in the morning before alarm clocks were invented?
Well, they didn't use to wake up by magic. There was a person who used to go from house to house in the morning, knocking on the windows of the sleeping inhabitants with a wooden stick. He had a short stick for the
windows on the ground floor and a longer, lighter one for the windows which were too high to reach. This person was called a knocker-upper. The job of the knocker-upper died out in the 1920s when alarm clocks
became available to all members of British society.

Learning the news without the modern media There wasn't always television or radio to make it possible for people to learn the latest news and in the old days quite a lot of people were unable to read and write, so not everybody could read a newspaper or a printed advertisement. Indeed, many people used to find out about what was going on in town from a person called a town crier or bellman. The town crier used to stand in a central location in the town, ring the bell that he held in his hand and announce the news to the people simply by shouting it out. Town criers still exist in some towns in Britain but, although they wear traditional costumes, they only perform their duties at special ceremonies.

Keeping food cold without refrigerators Before fridges had become widely available, people used to keep iceboxes in their houses to keep food cool
and fresh. These iceboxes had to be filled frequently with new ice and this was done by a person called an iceman. The iceman used to deliver ice, which had been cut into huge blocks from frozen rivers or lakes, to
houses many times a week. The job of the iceman had started to disappear by the 1950s as fridges gradually replaced iceboxes in British homes.

Complete the summary. Write one or two words from the text in each gap (1−10). Do not change the form of the words.

How people woke up w/o alarm clocks
People woke up with the help of a (1) _______________ called a (2) _______________ who used to visit houses in the morning and knock on the windows with a wooden stick. In the 1920s this job started to disappear because people could buy (3) _______________ .

Answer for 3: __________ Do not use capital letter
19.
3 points
Read the text and answer the questions

Britain before technology

You might be surprised to hear that before some of the inventions that we take for granted in our everyday lives had been created, people were still able to achieve many of the things that modern technology does for
us nowadays.
Waking up without alarm clocks Have you ever thought about how people used to wake up in the morning before alarm clocks were invented?
Well, they didn't use to wake up by magic. There was a person who used to go from house to house in the morning, knocking on the windows of the sleeping inhabitants with a wooden stick. He had a short stick for the
windows on the ground floor and a longer, lighter one for the windows which were too high to reach. This person was called a knocker-upper. The job of the knocker-upper died out in the 1920s when alarm clocks
became available to all members of British society.

Learning the news without the modern media There wasn't always television or radio to make it possible for people to learn the latest news and in the old days quite a lot of people were unable to read and write, so not everybody could read a newspaper or a printed advertisement. Indeed, many people used to find out about what was going on in town from a person called a town crier or bellman. The town crier used to stand in a central location in the town, ring the bell that he held in his hand and announce the news to the people simply by shouting it out. Town criers still exist in some towns in Britain but, although they wear traditional costumes, they only perform their duties at special ceremonies.

Keeping food cold without refrigerators Before fridges had become widely available, people used to keep iceboxes in their houses to keep food cool
and fresh. These iceboxes had to be filled frequently with new ice and this was done by a person called an iceman. The iceman used to deliver ice, which had been cut into huge blocks from frozen rivers or lakes, to
houses many times a week. The job of the iceman had started to disappear by the 1950s as fridges gradually replaced iceboxes in British homes.

Complete the summary. Write one or two words from the text in each gap (1−10). Do not change the form of the words.

How people found out the news w/o the media

In the days before radio and (4) _______________ were invented, people who couldn't read used to learn the news from the (5) _______________ (= bellman), whose job was to stand in the centre of town and (6) _______________ the news to the local people. Some still exist today, but only to perform ceremonial (7) _______________ .

Answer for 4: ______ Do not use capital letter
20.
3 points
Read the text and answer the questions

Britain before technology

You might be surprised to hear that before some of the inventions that we take for granted in our everyday lives had been created, people were still able to achieve many of the things that modern technology does for
us nowadays.
Waking up without alarm clocks Have you ever thought about how people used to wake up in the morning before alarm clocks were invented?
Well, they didn't use to wake up by magic. There was a person who used to go from house to house in the morning, knocking on the windows of the sleeping inhabitants with a wooden stick. He had a short stick for the
windows on the ground floor and a longer, lighter one for the windows which were too high to reach. This person was called a knocker-upper. The job of the knocker-upper died out in the 1920s when alarm clocks
became available to all members of British society.

Learning the news without the modern media There wasn't always television or radio to make it possible for people to learn the latest news and in the old days quite a lot of people were unable to read and write, so not everybody could read a newspaper or a printed advertisement. Indeed, many people used to find out about what was going on in town from a person called a town crier or bellman. The town crier used to stand in a central location in the town, ring the bell that he held in his hand and announce the news to the people simply by shouting it out. Town criers still exist in some towns in Britain but, although they wear traditional costumes, they only perform their duties at special ceremonies.

Keeping food cold without refrigerators Before fridges had become widely available, people used to keep iceboxes in their houses to keep food cool
and fresh. These iceboxes had to be filled frequently with new ice and this was done by a person called an iceman. The iceman used to deliver ice, which had been cut into huge blocks from frozen rivers or lakes, to
houses many times a week. The job of the iceman had started to disappear by the 1950s as fridges gradually replaced iceboxes in British homes.

Complete the summary. Write one or two words from the text in each gap (1−10). Do not change the form of the words.

How people found out the news w/o the media

In the days before radio and (4) _______________ were invented, people who couldn't read used to learn the news from the (5) _______________ (= bellman), whose job was to stand in the centre of town and (6) _______________ the news to the local people. Some still exist today, but only to perform ceremonial (7) _______________ .

Answer for 5: ______ Do not use capital letter
21.
3 points
Read the text and answer the questions

Britain before technology

You might be surprised to hear that before some of the inventions that we take for granted in our everyday lives had been created, people were still able to achieve many of the things that modern technology does for
us nowadays.
Waking up without alarm clocks Have you ever thought about how people used to wake up in the morning before alarm clocks were invented?
Well, they didn't use to wake up by magic. There was a person who used to go from house to house in the morning, knocking on the windows of the sleeping inhabitants with a wooden stick. He had a short stick for the
windows on the ground floor and a longer, lighter one for the windows which were too high to reach. This person was called a knocker-upper. The job of the knocker-upper died out in the 1920s when alarm clocks
became available to all members of British society.

Learning the news without the modern media There wasn't always television or radio to make it possible for people to learn the latest news and in the old days quite a lot of people were unable to read and write, so not everybody could read a newspaper or a printed advertisement. Indeed, many people used to find out about what was going on in town from a person called a town crier or bellman. The town crier used to stand in a central location in the town, ring the bell that he held in his hand and announce the news to the people simply by shouting it out. Town criers still exist in some towns in Britain but, although they wear traditional costumes, they only perform their duties at special ceremonies.

Keeping food cold without refrigerators Before fridges had become widely available, people used to keep iceboxes in their houses to keep food cool
and fresh. These iceboxes had to be filled frequently with new ice and this was done by a person called an iceman. The iceman used to deliver ice, which had been cut into huge blocks from frozen rivers or lakes, to
houses many times a week. The job of the iceman had started to disappear by the 1950s as fridges gradually replaced iceboxes in British homes.

Complete the summary. Write one or two words from the text in each gap (1−10). Do not change the form of the words.

How people found out the news w/o the media

In the days before radio and (4) _______________ were invented, people who couldn't read used to learn the news from the (5) _______________ (= bellman), whose job was to stand in the centre of town and (6) _______________ the news to the local people. Some still exist today, but only to perform ceremonial (7) _______________ .

Answer for 6: ______ Do not use capital letter
22.
3 points
Read the text and answer the questions

Britain before technology

You might be surprised to hear that before some of the inventions that we take for granted in our everyday lives had been created, people were still able to achieve many of the things that modern technology does for
us nowadays.
Waking up without alarm clocks Have you ever thought about how people used to wake up in the morning before alarm clocks were invented?
Well, they didn't use to wake up by magic. There was a person who used to go from house to house in the morning, knocking on the windows of the sleeping inhabitants with a wooden stick. He had a short stick for the
windows on the ground floor and a longer, lighter one for the windows which were too high to reach. This person was called a knocker-upper. The job of the knocker-upper died out in the 1920s when alarm clocks
became available to all members of British society.

Learning the news without the modern media There wasn't always television or radio to make it possible for people to learn the latest news and in the old days quite a lot of people were unable to read and write, so not everybody could read a newspaper or a printed advertisement. Indeed, many people used to find out about what was going on in town from a person called a town crier or bellman. The town crier used to stand in a central location in the town, ring the bell that he held in his hand and announce the news to the people simply by shouting it out. Town criers still exist in some towns in Britain but, although they wear traditional costumes, they only perform their duties at special ceremonies.

Keeping food cold without refrigerators Before fridges had become widely available, people used to keep iceboxes in their houses to keep food cool
and fresh. These iceboxes had to be filled frequently with new ice and this was done by a person called an iceman. The iceman used to deliver ice, which had been cut into huge blocks from frozen rivers or lakes, to
houses many times a week. The job of the iceman had started to disappear by the 1950s as fridges gradually replaced iceboxes in British homes.

Complete the summary. Write one or two words from the text in each gap (1−10). Do not change the form of the words.

How people found out the news w/o the media

In the days before radio and (4) _______________ were invented, people who couldn't read used to learn the news from the (5) _______________ (= bellman), whose job was to stand in the centre of town and (6) _______________ the news to the local people. Some still exist today, but only to perform ceremonial (7) _______________ .

Answer for 7: ______ Do not use capital letter
23.
3 points
Read the text and answer the questions

Britain before technology

You might be surprised to hear that before some of the inventions that we take for granted in our everyday lives had been created, people were still able to achieve many of the things that modern technology does for
us nowadays.
Waking up without alarm clocks Have you ever thought about how people used to wake up in the morning before alarm clocks were invented?
Well, they didn't use to wake up by magic. There was a person who used to go from house to house in the morning, knocking on the windows of the sleeping inhabitants with a wooden stick. He had a short stick for the
windows on the ground floor and a longer, lighter one for the windows which were too high to reach. This person was called a knocker-upper. The job of the knocker-upper died out in the 1920s when alarm clocks
became available to all members of British society.

Learning the news without the modern media There wasn't always television or radio to make it possible for people to learn the latest news and in the old days quite a lot of people were unable to read and write, so not everybody could read a newspaper or a printed advertisement. Indeed, many people used to find out about what was going on in town from a person called a town crier or bellman. The town crier used to stand in a central location in the town, ring the bell that he held in his hand and announce the news to the people simply by shouting it out. Town criers still exist in some towns in Britain but, although they wear traditional costumes, they only perform their duties at special ceremonies.

Keeping food cold without refrigerators Before fridges had become widely available, people used to keep iceboxes in their houses to keep food cool
and fresh. These iceboxes had to be filled frequently with new ice and this was done by a person called an iceman. The iceman used to deliver ice, which had been cut into huge blocks from frozen rivers or lakes, to
houses many times a week. The job of the iceman had started to disappear by the 1950s as fridges gradually replaced iceboxes in British homes.

Complete the summary. Write one or two words from the text in each gap (1−10). Do not change the form of the words.

How People kept food cold w/o fridges

People used to have iceboxes in their houses which often needed to be (8) _______________ ice by an iceman. The iceman used to deliver ice taken from (9) _______________ waterways like rivers and lakes. Icemen started to disappear in the 1950s when everybody started buying
(10) _______________ .

Answer for 8: ______ Do not use capital letter
24.
3 points
Read the text and answer the questions

Britain before technology

You might be surprised to hear that before some of the inventions that we take for granted in our everyday lives had been created, people were still able to achieve many of the things that modern technology does for
us nowadays.
Waking up without alarm clocks Have you ever thought about how people used to wake up in the morning before alarm clocks were invented?
Well, they didn't use to wake up by magic. There was a person who used to go from house to house in the morning, knocking on the windows of the sleeping inhabitants with a wooden stick. He had a short stick for the
windows on the ground floor and a longer, lighter one for the windows which were too high to reach. This person was called a knocker-upper. The job of the knocker-upper died out in the 1920s when alarm clocks
became available to all members of British society.

Learning the news without the modern media There wasn't always television or radio to make it possible for people to learn the latest news and in the old days quite a lot of people were unable to read and write, so not everybody could read a newspaper or a printed advertisement. Indeed, many people used to find out about what was going on in town from a person called a town crier or bellman. The town crier used to stand in a central location in the town, ring the bell that he held in his hand and announce the news to the people simply by shouting it out. Town criers still exist in some towns in Britain but, although they wear traditional costumes, they only perform their duties at special ceremonies.

Keeping food cold without refrigerators Before fridges had become widely available, people used to keep iceboxes in their houses to keep food cool
and fresh. These iceboxes had to be filled frequently with new ice and this was done by a person called an iceman. The iceman used to deliver ice, which had been cut into huge blocks from frozen rivers or lakes, to
houses many times a week. The job of the iceman had started to disappear by the 1950s as fridges gradually replaced iceboxes in British homes.

Complete the summary. Write one or two words from the text in each gap (1−10). Do not change the form of the words.

How People kept food cold w/o fridges

People used to have iceboxes in their houses which often needed to be (8) _______________ ice by an iceman. The iceman used to deliver ice taken from (9) _______________ waterways like rivers and lakes. Icemen started to disappear in the 1950s when everybody started buying
(10) _______________ .

Answer for 9: ______ Do not use capital letter
25.
3 points
Read the text and answer the questions

Britain before technology

You might be surprised to hear that before some of the inventions that we take for granted in our everyday lives had been created, people were still able to achieve many of the things that modern technology does for
us nowadays.
Waking up without alarm clocks Have you ever thought about how people used to wake up in the morning before alarm clocks were invented?
Well, they didn't use to wake up by magic. There was a person who used to go from house to house in the morning, knocking on the windows of the sleeping inhabitants with a wooden stick. He had a short stick for the
windows on the ground floor and a longer, lighter one for the windows which were too high to reach. This person was called a knocker-upper. The job of the knocker-upper died out in the 1920s when alarm clocks
became available to all members of British society.

Learning the news without the modern media There wasn't always television or radio to make it possible for people to learn the latest news and in the old days quite a lot of people were unable to read and write, so not everybody could read a newspaper or a printed advertisement. Indeed, many people used to find out about what was going on in town from a person called a town crier or bellman. The town crier used to stand in a central location in the town, ring the bell that he held in his hand and announce the news to the people simply by shouting it out. Town criers still exist in some towns in Britain but, although they wear traditional costumes, they only perform their duties at special ceremonies.

Keeping food cold without refrigerators Before fridges had become widely available, people used to keep iceboxes in their houses to keep food cool
and fresh. These iceboxes had to be filled frequently with new ice and this was done by a person called an iceman. The iceman used to deliver ice, which had been cut into huge blocks from frozen rivers or lakes, to
houses many times a week. The job of the iceman had started to disappear by the 1950s as fridges gradually replaced iceboxes in British homes.

Complete the summary. Write one or two words from the text in each gap (1−10). Do not change the form of the words.

How People kept food cold w/o fridges

People used to have iceboxes in their houses which often needed to be (8) _______________ ice by an iceman. The iceman used to deliver ice taken from (9) _______________ waterways like rivers and lakes. Icemen started to disappear in the 1950s when everybody started buying
(10) _______________ .

Answer for 10: ______ Do not use capital letter
26.
25 points
Writing question

1. Narrate how your life has changed in the previous years and hot it will change when graduated from school. Use the key vocabulary and grammar on it.